AREA

Cognitive Neuroscience

SITE

Neurobiology of Aging

TYPE

Articles

YEAR

Formal publication: February 2024

Authors: Díaz Rivera, M. N., Amoruso, L., Bocanegra, Y., Suárez, J. X., Moreno, L., Muñoz, E., Birba, A., & García, A. M.

Abstract: Assessments of action semantics consistently reveal markers of Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, neurophysiological signatures of the domain remain under-examined in this population, especially under conditions that allow patients to process stimuli without stringent time constraints. Here we assessed event-related potentials and time-frequency modulations in healthy individuals (HPs) and PD patients during a delayed-response semantic judgment task involving related and unrelated action-picture pairs. Both groups had shorter response times for related than for unrelated trials, but they exhibited discrepant electrophysiological patterns. HPs presented significantly greater N400 amplitudes as well as theta enhancement and mu desynchronization for unrelated relative to related trials. Conversely, N400 and theta modulations were abolished in the patients, who further exhibited a contralateralized cluster in the mu range. None of these patterns were associated with the participants’ cognitive status. Our results suggest that PD involves multidimensional neurophysiological disruptions during action-concept processing, even under task conditions that elicit canonical behavioral effects. New constraints thus emerge for translational neurocognitive models of the disease.