Cognitive Neuroscience


Alzheimer’s & dementia : the journal of the Alzheimer’s Association




Formal publication: September 2022

Authors: Parra MA, Orellana P, Leon T, Victoria CG, Henriquez F, Gomez R, Avalos C, Damian A, Slachevsky A, Ibañez A, Zetterberg H, Tijms BM, Yokoyama JS, Piña-Escudero SD, Cochran JN, Matallana DL, Acosta D, Allegri R, Arias-Suárez BP, Barra B, Behrens MI, Brucki SMD, Busatto G, Caramelli P, Castro-Suarez S, Contreras V, Custodio N, Dansilio S, la Cruz-Puebla M, de Souza LC, Diaz MM, Duque L, Farías GA, Ferreira ST, Guimet NM, Kmaid A, Lira D, Lopera F, Meza BM, Miotto EC, Nitrini R, Nuñez A, O’Neill S, Ochoa J, Pintado-Caipa M, Resende EPF, Risacher S, Rojas LA, Sabaj V, Schilling L, Sellek AF, Sosa A, Takada LT, Teixeira AL, Unaucho-Pilalumbo M, Duran-Aniotz C.

Abstract: Limited knowledge on dementia biomarkers in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries remains a serious barrier. Here, we reported a survey to explore the ongoing work, needs, interests, potential barriers, and opportunities for future studies related to biomarkers. The results show that neuroimaging is the most used biomarker (73%), followed by genetic studies (40%), peripheral fluids biomarkers (31%), and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers (29%). Regarding barriers in LAC, lack of funding appears to undermine the implementation of biomarkers in clinical or research settings, followed by insufficient infrastructure and training. The survey revealed that despite the above barriers, the region holds a great potential to advance dementia biomarkers research. Considering the unique contributions that LAC could make to this growing field, we highlight the urgent need to expand biomarker research. These insights allowed us to propose an action plan that addresses the recommendations for a biomarker framework recently proposed by regional experts.